Since the patient's reported symptoms form the basis of an RLS diagnosis, it is necessary to rule out similar symptoms for other diseases. Along with accurately conveying the discomfort felt in the legs, it is important to tell your doctor about any other illnesses for which you may be currently undergoing treatment.
Diagnostic criteria for restless legs syndrome
Five essential diagnostic criteria
- 1An urge to move legs, usually but not always accompanied by or felt to be caused by uncomfortable and unpleasant sensations in the legs.
- 2The urge to move the legs and any accompanying unpleasant sensations begin or worsen during periods of rest or inactivity such as lying down or sitting
- 3The urge and unpleasant sensations are diminished by exercise
- 4The urge and unpleasant sensations only occur during rest or are worse in the evening or night than during the day
- 5The occurrence of the aforementioned features are not solely accounted for as symptoms of another medical or behavioral condition
(e.g. myalgia, venous stasis, leg edema, arthritis, leg cramps, positional discomfort, habitual foot tapping)
Based on International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group (IRLSSG) Diagnostic Criteria 2014
Allen, R.P. et al.: Sleep Med., 15, 860-873, 2014