Tuberculosis - An Old Disease with a New Face

Tuberculosis tests and diagnosis

Tuberculosis tests and diagnosis

Tuberculosis is diagnosed using the results of X-rays, microbiological examinations, etc. Currently in Japan, 80% of pulmonary TB is diagnosed through a microbiological examination. (Figure 7)

Figure 7: Tuberculosis diagnosis flowchart

TB can occur in places other than the lungs

The majority of TB cases are of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). However, TB can occur in organs other than the lungs. (Figure 8)
Extrapulmonary TB (EPTB) accounts for 20% of all tuberculosis cases.

Figure 8: Parts of the body where non-pulmonary tuberculosis can occur