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Learn about Heart Failure, its Prevention, and TreatmentGeneral supervisor: Naoki Sato MD, PhD, FESC, FJCC
Director of Cardiovascular Medicine
General Manager of Internal Medicine
Vice-president of Kawaguchi Cardiovascular and Respiratory Hospital

A message from Professor Naoki Sato

In Japan, heart failure occurences will increase over the next few years up to 2025. The number of elderly heart failure patients has increased dramatically in line with the aging population, but when we take into account the plan to move to a system of regional comprehensive care centers with a decrease in the number of acute care beds, there is the possibility that these patients will not be admitted to hospital even with acute heart failure, and this is expected to lead to a heart failure pandemic. There is a high risk of heart failure leading to death, with approximately 6% of people hospitalized for acute heart failure dying in hospital, and about 22% dying within a year. About 16% are estimated to be re-hospitalized due to heart failure. This is a poor prognosis comparable to that of cancer, which is difficult to treat, but it is not widely recognized. As a response to this prognosis for heart failure, the most important thing is to take appropriate action from the early stages of the disease when symptoms are not yet apparent (hidden heart failure), and to delay its progress. We must look out for the signs of heart failure such as swelling, shortness of breath, and fatigue, prevent future heart failure, and carry out treatment to prevent its recurrence should it develop.

Definition of heart failure

Heart failure is a disease in which the heart is in poor condition, leading to shortness of breath and swelling. The condition worsens, and leads to a shorter life expectancy.

Symptoms of heart failure

Symptoms seen in the early stages are swelling and shortness of breath. There may also be symptoms of lethargy and fatigue.

Prevention and treatment of heart failure

"Hidden heart failure", when the condition is concealed by high blood pressure, diabetes, chronic kidney disease (CKD), myocardial infarction, etc., is on the increase. Once heart failure has developed, a patient will be regularly hospitalized, their condition will gradually worsen, and their life will be shortened. Therefore, prevention and treatment to avoid heart failure, or to avoid its recurrence are very important.

Learn more about heart failure

In recent years, the rate of heart failure has increased. Learn more about the clinical condition and treatment.

2019 APR SS1904144