The liver is a very important organ that performs a number of essential functions for the body.
Because of this, it is the heaviest organ, weighing from 1.2kg to 1.5kg in adults. If the liver becomes damaged by liver cirrhosis and its fuctionality impaired, it can cause various disorders, not only within the liver itself but throughout the body.
Amongst the liver's various functions, the metabolization and storage of nutrients is the most important. Nutrients that are consumed through food cannot be used in the body as they are, but need to be transformed into a usable form in the liver.
- What is liver cirrhosis?
- If viral hepatitis or alcoholic liver disease continue for an extended period of time, and impact the functioning of the liver, symptoms of jaundice, swelling, abdominal dropsy, and hepatic encephalopathy may develop.
Also, blood vessels may dilate due to fibrosis of the liver cells, causing increased portal pressure (pressure on the blood vessel that carries blood to the liver), which can in turn lead to gastroesophageal varices, splenoma, and thrombopenia. The phase before the development of symptoms is called “compensated cirrhosis,” while the phase with jaundice, abdominal dropsy, hepatic encephalopathy, and other conditions is called “decompensated” cirrhosis.